Past or Passed
This pair is among the most notorious of homonyms and are regularly–and incorrectly–swapped. To make the confusion worse, not only do the two words sound similar, they are often used in similar situations. Past is a noun, adjective, and adverb, and passed is generally used as a verb or adjective. To determine the use and meaning, examine the rest of the sentence: read it “in context”.
Noun: “In the past, television had much fewer commercials.”
Adjective: “Over the past week, Bob has really helped out.”
Verb: “The red car passed the blue car,” or “Because he studied homonyms all night, Fred passed his English test.”
“The time for action is in the past.”
“The time for action has passed.”
Lie or Lay
When used as verbs, these words are frequently confused and are among the most difficult to keep straight. A way to remember: lie is “doing” and lay is “putting”.
The verb forms of lie: lie (present,) lay (past), and lain (past participle).
The verb forms of lay: lay (present), laid (past), and laid (past participle). “Layed” is not a word and is incorrect.
“After lunch, you should lie down.”
“The lions lie in the tall grass, watching the zebras.”
“The bed was messy, as if someone had lain in it.”
“Lay the hammer on the table.”
“Phyllis laid her pencil down and turned her test in.”
“The electricians had worked all week and had laid a thousand feet of wiring.”
Rise or Raise
Similar to lie and lay, rise is an action that is performed, and raise is an action that is performed on an object.
“The motto for the Portland Trailblazers is ‘Rise With Us’.”
“Frankie rose late for work today and had to rush.”
“The Sun Also Rises”–a novel by Ernest Hemingway
“Families prefer to raise their children in a quiet neighborhood.”
“Raise your glasses in a toast to hippos–where would we be without them?”
“I raised my pillow to hit the alarm clock.”
“You can tell a bird’s about to fly away when it raises its wings.”
Proceed or Precede
“After lunch, we shall proceed with the tour.”
Proceed means to advance or carry on, especially after an interruption.
“The chicken proceeded to lay half a dozen eggs.”
“Hopefully the party proceeds as planned, despite the rain.”
“Dark skies and winds precede a storm.”
Precede refers to something that comes before.
“The Stone Age preceded the Bronze Age.”
“Breakfast precedes lunch.”
Source for Image
by Victoria from Grammar.Net
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